Posts Tagged ‘anniversary’

Further Notes on the 60th Anniversary of July 23,1952

July 24th, 2012 Comments off

A couple of addenda to my earlier comments on the 60th anniversary of Egypt’s 1952:
Ahram Online has a lengthy excerpt from the memoir of the last surviving Free Officer, Khaled Mohieddin. (Though the caption on their photo of the Free Officers actually identifies his recently deceased cousin, Zakaria Mohieddin.) On his and Nasser’s secret dealing with the Muslim Brotherhood:

I continued to read the books brought to me by Usman Fawzi and I constantly demanded that there be a clear programme for the Brotherhood, defining its national objectives and its position and demands of the various social categories. In my arguments, I began to lean to the left and I became the odd man out in a group supposedly affiliated to the Muslim Brotherhood.

In a final effort, Hasan El-Banna sought to link us with the Brotherhood via a strong bond. He decided that Nasser and I should join the Brotherhood’s Secret Division. Perhaps it was because we were the most active and effective in our group and, consequently, winning us over completely would mean ultimately winning over the whole group.

Or perhaps it was because we talked much about the nation and nationalism and therefore he believed that by having us join the Secret Division, which was concerned with weaponry and armed action, he would be satisfying our patriotic enthusiasm and ensuring closer ties with the Brotherhood.

Anyway, we were contacted by Salah Khalifa, who took the two of us to a house in Darb Al-Ahmar toward Sayyida Zaynab. There we met Abd El-Rahman El-Sanadi, head of the Brotherhood’s Secret Division at the time.

We were taken into a totally darkened room where we heard a voice (I think it was that of Saleh Ashmawi) and, placing our hands on the Quran and a gun and repeating after the voice, we took an oath of obedience and total allegiance, for better or worse, to the Grandmaster, swearing by the Book of God and the Sunna (traditions) of the Prophet. Although these rites were meant to stir the emotions, they had very little impact on Nasser and myself.

In any case, we began to work in the Secret Division and we were taken for training at a place near Helwan. Since we were officers, it was only natural that we were more knowledgeable about weapons than our training instructors. Nasser was not too happy with the situation and we felt alienated from the Brotherhood.

Also, Al-Ahram’s front page the next day; “The Army Carries Out a Peaceful Military Movement”:

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Egypt president: 1952 coup fell short on democracy

July 22nd, 2012 Comments off

In this photo released by the office of the Egyptian Presidency, President Mohammed Morsi, second from right, talks with Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, second left, as they attend a military graduation ceremony with Prime Minister Kamal el-Ganzouri, left, and Chief of Staff Sami Anan, right, in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, July 17, 2012. Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi hailed the Egyptian army and its commanders at a time the newly elected Islamist president and the military council, which took power after ouster of Hosni Mubarak last year, are in mid of power struggle. (AP Photo/Sheriff Abd El Minoem, Egyptian Presidency)On the eve of the 60th anniversary of a coup that started decades of military rule, Egypt's new president said Sunday that it failed to bring about democracy. He credited last year's uprising with correcting the path.

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40 Years On: Sadat Expels the Russian Advisers

July 21st, 2012 Comments off

I’m two days late with this, but July 18 marked the 40th anniversary of Anwar Sadat’s expulsion of Soviet advisers from Egypt in July of 1972.  In my musings last month on my own 40th anniversary of arriving in the Middle East for the first time, I noted that Soviet and East Bloc advisers were still very much on evidence when I got there. They remained so up to the 1973 war, but the expulsion of the military “advisers” (many of were actually flying aircraft, Manning SAM sites, etc., though that was not acknowledged) in the summer of 1972, was memorable, however. I was living in an apartment along the Nile, and as we looked out from our balcony one day after we’d been there a month or so, we watched waves of bit Antonov transports flying eastward over the city. In retrospect they were probably fling our of Cairo West and other bases to the west of the city, heading back to the USSR. At the time we feared it was a major buildup moving troops to the Suez Canal. Either later that day or the next day, all was explained when it was announced that the Soviet advisers (some 20,000 of them) had been kicked out.

A documentary on that era:

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Israeli Intelligence: "Makes sense"

July 19th, 2012 Comments off

“… Still, like the anniversary of the Buenos Aires attack, which killed 85 people, what actually links Iran to the Bulgaria bombing is supposition.  “It’s very hard to say. Right now we have no clues, no information,” a senior Israeli intelligence official tells TIME. “By process of elimination, we exclude Hamas and Islamic Jihad. They aren’t capable of such an operation so far away [from the Palestinian territories].  There’s also Al Qaeda, but they’re preoccupied with other arenas at the moment. Low chance.“So it leaves us with the probability of Hizballah alone, or Iran alone, or a joint operation. Which makes sense.”…”

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After 50 Years, France Still Holds Key Algerian Archives

July 7th, 2012 Comments off

In conjunction with yesterday’s 50th anniversary of Algerian independence, this Reuters report deals with the ongoing dispute over France’s continuing to hold key archives from its occupation, including such basics as maps showing underground gas lines and electrical wiring, but also including Algerian manuscripts dating from before the French occupation of 1830 and originating in Algeria. Half a century later, Algeria and France are still trying to disentangle the legacy of 132 years of rule.

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Libyans remember jail massacre

June 29th, 2012 Comments off

Libyans are for the first time publicly marking the anniversary of a prison massacre in which nearly 1,300 inmates were shot dead 16 years ago.
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Categories: Arab News Tags: , ,

Jews, Arabs march to mark 45 years of Israeli occupation

June 9th, 2012 Comments off

A woman holds a sign during a march marking the 45th anniversary of the Six-Day WarHundreds of Jews and Arabs marched in Tel Aviv on Saturday night to mark the 45th anniversary of the Six-Day War in which Israel seized the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem, Israeli media reported.

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Etan Patz case goes to court on 33rd anniversary – CBS News

May 25th, 2012 Comments off

CBS News

Etan Patz case goes to court on 33rd anniversary
CBS News
(CBS News) NEW YORK – After 33 years, New York City police have made an arrest in the disappearance of Etan Patz, who became a symbol of missing children. On Friday, a man who worked in the neighborhood at the time will be arraigned on murder charges.
How NYC police solved Etan Patz kidnapping and murder mystery after 33 yearsThe Star-Ledger –
Man arrested in disappearance of NYC boy Etan
Former Bodega Stock Clerk Arrested in 1979 Killing of Etan PatzNBC New York
Boston Herald
all 2,120 news articles »

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Palestinians march in annual mourning ritual

May 15th, 2012 Comments off

Palestinian women hold hands next to a portrait of a prisoner during a solidarity protest with Palestinian prisoners jailed in Israeli, in Gaza City, Monday, May 14, 2012. Hundreds of Palestinians have been on a collective hunger strike in Israeli jails since mid-April 2012. (AP photo/Hatem Moussa)Thousands of Palestinians are marching in the West Bank to mark the anniversary of their uprooting during the war over Israel’s creation.

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The 97th Anniversary of the "Battle of the Wozzer"

April 2nd, 2012 Comments off

It’s April 2, the 97th anniversary of the day in 1915 when elements of the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps destroyed much of the red-light district in Cairo in what became known as the “Battle of the Wassaa,” or as it is prounounced Down Under, the Wozzer. Last year I produced a rather lengthy historical discursus, nay, well-nigh unto a dissertation, quoting extensively from accounts of the “battle,” and discussing the context — a notorious red-light district, an Army of young men about to be shipped off to Gallipoli, significant quantities of beer, etc. But it’s not just fun and games: I also went into the gruesome details of widespread venereal disease and the underside of the red-light district as described by the British police. Go read it.

It’s a lengthy tale and a largely forgotten one. I won’t summarize it here but will include, as teasers, some of the illustrations from the original, and urge you to read the whole thing.

The ANZACs trained near the pyramids

Crowding the trams into Cairo from the camps
A press account

Some of the Damage

After the Rioting

After the Rioting

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